What is Glaucoma?
Are you worried about vision loss as a result of glaucoma? EyeSight Hawaii can help by offering early detection and treatment. Early treatment is essential to preventing irreversible damage that can result in vision loss or blindness. Our eye doctors at EyeSight Hawaii can help answer any questions related to glaucoma.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that slowly starts to damage the optic nerve. The optic nerve is a group of more than one million nerve fibers that is located in the back of the eye. These nerve fibers are responsible for connecting the brain to the retina. Over time, damage to the optic nerve can result in considerable vision loss or blindness.
There are several different types of eye diseases that are classified as glaucoma. Those diseases include primary open-angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, acute glaucoma, exfoliation syndrome, trauma-related glaucoma, and pigmentary glaucoma. The most common forms of glaucoma are angle-closure glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma.
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
The symptoms of glaucoma an individual experience will depend upon what type of glaucoma is present. Some forms of glaucoma, such as open-angle glaucoma, have very few symptoms. In fact, there are practically no warning signs or symptoms associated with this type of glaucoma. Vision loss will eventually occur with this form of glaucoma, but it only happens once the disease is considered advanced.
Angle-closure glaucoma does have several symptoms associated with it. Symptoms such as blurred or haloed vision, seeing rainbow-colored circles when looking at lights, extreme head pain, severe eye pain or pressure accompanied with vomiting or nausea, and sudden loss of vision are all symptoms of this type of glaucoma.
How is Glaucoma Treated?
Several forms of treatment can be used to treat glaucoma. Treatment options can include eye drops, pills, traditional surgery, or laser surgery. Eye drops and pills are typically used in an effort to prevent glaucoma and are considered a first line of treatment. These preventative measures work to reduce or control eye pressure.
If the eye drops or pills do not help control eye pressure or the glaucoma continues to progress, surgery may be recommended. Laser surgery is preferred over traditional surgery, as it has few side effects and the recovery time is faster.